Complete Information About Namakkal District

Overview

Namakkal District is an administrative district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The district was divided fromSalem District with Namakkal town as Headquarters on 25-07-1996 and started to function individually from 01-01-1997.

Subdivisions

The district has 4 taluks Tiruchengode, Namakkal, Rasipuram, Velur and Kolli Hills and has two Profit Divisions;Namakkal and Tiruchengode.

ISO Certified

It is the First ISO 14001-2004 certified municipality in Asia for environmental management, exactly the provision and maintenance of water resource, solid waste and sewage managing, town planning, lighting and other social services. It was ranked second in a full Economic Environment index ranking of districts in Tamil Nadu not including Chennai prepared by Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009.

Details

  • Number of Villages – 322
  • Number of Punchayat Unions – 15
  • Number of Town Punchayats – 19
  • Number of Talukas – 4
  • Number of Revenue Divisions – 2
  • MLA's in Namakkal
    • Namakkal - BASKAR.K.P.P
    • Senthamangalam - R.SANTHI
    • Rasipuram - P.DHANAPAL
    • Paramathi-Velur - U.THANIYARASU
    • Tiruchengodu - P.SAMPATHKUMAR
    • Kumarapalayam - P.THANGAMANI
  • District Collector - Thiru V. Dakshinamoorthy. I.A.S
  • DSP - Tr.S.R.Senthilkumar
  • Pincode - 637xxx
  • Std Code – 04286
  • Vehicle Registration - TN-28,TN-34,TN-88
  • Website – namakkal.nic.in

Villages and administrative divisions:

There are about 108 villages and administrative divisions present in Namakkal City.

  • Agrahara Uduppam
  • Agrahara valavanthi
  • Agraharanathamangalam
  • Akkiyampatti
  • Ananthakrishnarayasamudram
  • Andapuram
  • Aniyapuram
  • Aniyar
  • Arasanatham
  • Ariyur
  • Ariyurnadu
  • Arur
  • Belukkurichi
  • Bodinayakkanpatti
  • Dadhadripuram
  • Devanurnadu
  • Elur
  • Eranapuram
  • Gajacombai
  • Gundurnadu
  • Ichchampatti
  • Illaiyapuram
  • Jekkalnayakkanpatti
  • Kadandapatti
  • Kadappalli
  • Kadiranallur
  • Kalangani
  • Kalappanaickkenpatti
  • Kalkurchi
  • Kalyani
  • Kannurpatti
  • Karadippatti
  • Karakuruchi
  • Kavakkrampatti
  • Keerambur
  • Kilsathambur
  • Kondamanayakkanpatti
  • Konur
  • Kumaripalayam
  • Laddivadi
  • Lakkapuram
  • Marurpatti
  • Mettupatti
  • Minnampalli
  • Muthugapatti
  • Muttanchetti
  • N.Puduppatti
  • Naducombai
  • Nallipalayam
  • Naravalur Thottipalayam
  • Navani
  • Oruvandur
  • Pachal
  • Pachudayampatti
  • Pallamparai
  • Pallipatti
  • Pappinayakkanpatti
  • Parali
  • Pavithiram
  • Periyakulam
  • Periyapatti
  • Perumapatti
  • Pettaipalayam
  • Pidaripatti
  • Podangam
  • Ponnari
  • Pottanam
  • Pottireddipatty
  • Puducombai
  • Pudukkotti
  • Ramanayakkanpatti
  • Rasampalayam
  • Rasipalayam
  • Reddipatti
  • Sarkar Uduppam
  • Sarkarnattamangalam
  • Sarkarpalayapalayam
  • Seiluvampatti
  • Sellappampatti
  • Selurnadu
  • Sevindipatti
  • Tattayyangarpatti
  • Thalambadi
  • Thaligai
  • Thanathampatti
  • Thindamangalam
  • Thinnanurnadu
  • Thirumalaipatti
  • Tholur
  • Thottippatti
  • Thummankurichi
  • Thusur
  • Tipramahadevi
  • Tottamudayampatti
  • Uthiragadikaval
  • Vadavathur
  • Vagurampatti
  • Valaiyapatti
  • Valappurnadu
  • Valavandicombai
  • Valavanthinadu
  • Valayappatti
  • Vallipuram
  • Varadarajapuram
  • Varagur
  • Vasanthapuram
  • Veesanam
  • Vettampadi

How Namakkal got its name

The name Namakkal originates from Namagiri, which is the name of the single rock formation at the center of the town. Two cave temples at Namakkal were called as Adiyendra Visnugrha (Ranganatha swamy Temple) and Adiyanavaya Visnugrha (Narasimha swamy Temple).These Rock cut monuments were built by King Gunaseela of Adhiyaman clan descendant. Because of his marriage relations with Pallavas the temples were constructed of Pallava Architectural style during 7th century.

Rulers and Kingdoms

Generally, Namakkal is considered to be a Vaishnava Kshetram, and there is no Shiva temple in the town until a few years ago. The rock is massive - 65 meters high and more than a kilometre in circumference. Over this massive rock, there is a fort. The fort over the rock were built by Ramachandra Nayakar, a small king who ruled Namakkal during 16th century. It is supposed that Tippu Sultan hide himself in this fort for some time to escape the British. The fort was not built by Tippu Sultan but he occupied it for a brief period of time .Later the fort was taken by British. Mahatma Gandhi held a public meeting in 1933 in Namakkal under the slope of the Namakkal rock.

The front side of the hill is called Thiru. Vi. Ka. Paarai and used by taxis as their stand. It is one of the limited places in Tamil Nadu,that has not been seriously affected by famine and war. It is a part of Kongu Nadu (Kongu Desam) region of Tamil Nadu which was hotly contested and popular by both the ancient Pallavas and the Pandyas.Namakkal was in the hands of Atiakula King called Gunasila who has marriage with Pallava King. Later the taluk was overrun by the Cholas in the Kongu Mandalam.

After the struggle between the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas, the Hoysalas rose to power and had the control till the 14th century followed by Vijayanagara Empire till 1565 AD. Then the Madurai Nayakas came to power in 1623 AD. Two of the Poligans ofTirumalai Nayak namely, Ramachandra Nayaka and Gatti Mudaliars ruled the Salem area. The Namakkal fort is described to have been built by Ramchandra Nayaka. After about 1635 AD, the area came continually under the rule of Muslim Sultans of Bijapur and Golkonda, Mysore kings and then the Marattas, when about the year 1750 AD Hyder Ali came to power. During this period, it was a history of power struggle between Hyder Ali and later Tippu Sultan, with the British.

Tourism

Namakkal has a varied range of attractions to people from different interests. The city is famous for its well-maintained structure and environment. It is also very famous as a historical city, an educational city, a Poultry city and Transport city. There are many places surrounded nearby hills, waterfalls, park, garden etc. Similar the rest of South India, Namakkal experiences severe summer climate, hence the best time to visit the city is after the monsoons, during the months of October to March once the temperature is moderate. Namakkal has various temples and monuments for a tourist to offer for a visit. The Anjaneyar Temple, Narasimhar Temple, Koolippatti Murugan Temple, Thathagiri Murugan Temple, Thiruchengodu Ardhanareeswarar Temple and Muthugapatty Periya Swamy Temple are certain of the well-known atrractions. The Namakkal Dhurgam Fort is added tourist hotspot. The Rockfort and Naina-Malai are another popular tourist hubs.

Geography

Namakkal district is bounded by Salem district on the north; on the east by Attur taluk of Salem district, Perambalur and Tiruchirapalli Districts; by Karur District on the south and on the west by Erode district. Namakkal District originates under the North Western Agro climatic zone of Tamil Nadu. It is situated in the in-between portion of two watersheds between Cauvery and the Vellar System with the Taluks of Attur, Rasipuram and Namakkal on the East and Salem, Omalur and Mettur on the West.

Tiruchengode taluk alone is placed under Western Agro-climatic zone. Besides the above two zones, Kolli and a few remote hills and points are spread over Namakkal, Rasipuram and Tiruchengode and along with the valleys and rolling hills, make up the characteristic topography of the district. Namakkal is located at 11.23°N 78.17°E[4] It has an average elevation of 218 metres (715 ft). It is close to Kolli Hills - which is part of the Eastern Ghats. The neighbouring river is Kaveri and it is located 360 km southwest of Chennai and 250 km south of Bangalore.

Population

According to 2011 census, Namakkal district had a population of 1,726,601.Agreeing to 2011 census, Namakkal had a population of 55,145 with a sex-ratio of 1,015 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.A total of 5,002 were under the age of six, constituting 2,609 males and 2,393 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 13.7% and .5% of the people correspondingly. The average literacy of the town was 82.52%, associated to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 15008 households. There were a total of 21,572 workers, including 133 cultivators.264 main agricultural employees, 562 in house hold productions, 19,646 other workers, 967 marginal workers, 22 marginal cultivators, 24 marginal agricultural labourers, 151 marginal workers in household industries and 770 other marginal workers. There was modification of 15.61 percent in the inhabitants related to population as per 2001. In the earlier census of India 2001, Namakkal District noted increase of 12.91 percent to its population compared to 1991.

Culture

Namakkal is legendary for a life-size Hanuman (Anjaneynar) Statue carved out of a single stone in the Anjeneyar Temple. The name Namakkal nearly brings to mind ‘Namakkal Anjaneyar’ – the temple of Hanuman at Namakkal. The idol of Hanuman is approx. 18 feet in height, and stands under open sky. Opposite to the Hanuman is a temple of Narasimha. Namagiri Lakshmi Narasimhaswami Temple a beautiful "swayam udbhava" (naturally formed) murti of Lord Vishnu in the form of Sri Narasimha Swami.

The ancient cave temple are engraved out of an imposing hill. There is a separate monument for Goddess Namagiri Lakshmi. Namagiri Lakshmi was the family Goddess of the renowned Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujam. Saint Purandaradasa composed his famous song Simha Rupanada Sri Hari, Namagirishane .Annual car Festival for the Lord Narasimmaswamy temple is celebrated in March and April every year. There are number of holy bathing places or thirthams in hollows in the sides of the rock and the largest of them is called “Kamalalayam” which is sacred to Lakshmi. The Kolli Hills are featured in several works of classical Tamil literature such as Silappathigaram, Manimekalai, Purananuru and Ainkurnuru.

The region was ruled by Valvil Ori around 200 AD, his valor and marksmanship are sung by several poets, and his achievements are a common part of folklore. The jackfruit grown on these mountains is known for its taste and fragrance and is often soaked in wild honey that is also harvested from these mountains. The mountains are covered by lush green vegetation in the spring and monsoon, and are streaked with streams which add to the natural beauty. There are three reserved forests, namely Ariyur Solai, Kundur Nadu, Pulianjolai It is not exact to regard the name kolli hills as being due to the incidence of deadly diseases such as malaria! It is because early literature registers the existence of an image called kollippavai on upper of these hills.

This image was believed to represent the spirit of a maiden who lured travellers by her beauty and then killed them. The mountain is a site of pilgrimage, because of the Arapaleeswarar temple, which is held to have a secret path to the Shiva temple in Rasipuram. This Shiva temple is said to have been constructed by Valvil Ori in the 1st or 2nd century when he ruled this area. "Arappaleeswara sathakam" is the poem which praises the Lord Arappaleeswarar. It is believed that this temple exists during the Sangam era itself.

Economy

The economy of the district was mainly agricultural, but as on today it has changed its occupation to Lorries, Educational Institutions, Poultry Farms and real estate. So, Poultry, Lorry Transport and related industries drive the economy of the town. Namakkal is well-known for its Lorry body building industries and Poultry farms. It is Indias 2nd largest egg producing region (producing 3 crore eggs per day).A wide variety of crops are grown within the district. One of the main crop is Tapioca and due to that Namakkal is famous for Sago Factories. Next to Salem District, Tapioca is cultivated in Namakkal District in plenty. Using tapioca as raw material about 350 units are engaged in the production of Starch and Sago in Namakkal District. There is a good market for Sago and Sago products in North India. Namakkal is noted for truck body building activity. Truck body building is being carried out in Namakkal since 1956. Nationwide Namakkal is known for body building for truck, trailer, tanker and rig unit. Customers from other states also get the truck body building work done in Namakkal.

Body built trucks and rig units are being exported to foreign countries from Namakkal. About 25000 people are active directly and indirectly in truck body building activity in Namakkal District. About 300 units in Namakkal are engaged in this activity. A number of poultry units are running in Namakkal District, hence about 1500 Poultry/Cattle Feed manufacturing units are also in presence. Mostly every poultry unit has put up their own feed manufacturing unit. A few units supply poultry feed to other units also. In fact, Namakkal produces about 65% of the egg output of Tamil Nadu.

How to reach Namakkal

Train Direction

  • S.No
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • Train No
  • 16001
  • 16002
  • 17235
  • 17236
  • Train Name
  • Chennai – Palani
  • Palani – Chennai
  • Bangalore – Nagarcoil
  • Nagarcoil – Bangalore
  • Arrival Time
  • 2.53 AM
  • 9.43 PM
  • 11.15 PM
  • 12.15 AM

PASSENGER TRAIN (DAILY)

  • S.No
  • 1
  • 2
  • Train Name
  • Salem – Karur
  • Karur – Salem
  • Morning
  • 6.55 AM
  • 8.55 AM
  • Evening
  • 6.25 PM
  • 8.25 PM

Nearest Airport

  • To Reach Trichy Airport – 100 Kms
  • To Reach Coimbatore Airport – 147.2 Kms
  • To Reach Madurai Airport – 202.7 Kms

Bus Directions

  • Distance from Karur – 48.1 Kms
  • Distance from Erode – 58.7 Kms
  • Distance from Salem – 52.3 Kms
  • Distance from Attur (Via Namagiripettai) – 78 Kms
  • Distance from Thuraiyur – 56.1 Kms
  • Distance from Trichy – 93.4 Kms
  • Distance from Rasipuram – 30.7 Kms
  • Distance from Mohanur – 19.1 Kms
  • Distance from Tiruchengode – 36.8 Kms
  • Distance from Paramathi - Velur – 33 Kms

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